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Increasing understanding of human genomics promises to revolutionize medicine, revealing much about the cause of disease and possible treatments. But the implications of genomics are much broader. Many have noted the threat to individual privacy, employment, insurance. Yet we also see subtler shifts in our understanding of genetic contributions to human behavior and the origins of different populations, raising difficult issues of individual responsibility and group identity. Prof. Clayton discussed both the subtler and the better-recognized implications of genomics. She suggested strategies to avoid over-reading the human genome and the overgeneticization of society.