Global Antibiotic Use Rises, Fueled by Economic Growth

Ramanan Laxminarayan
Monday, April 2, 2018

A large-scale international study has found that the use of antibiotics is increasing around the world, largely driven by improving living standards in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). An article from the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP), a Consortium member, describes the paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, which shows that overall global antibiotic use "rose by 65% from 2000 through 2015, while the antibiotic consumption rate increased by 39%. Over that period, antibiotic consumption in LMICs more than doubled, with some LMICs having consumption rates that surpassed those of high-income countries (HICs). The increase was correlated with growth in per capita gross domestic product." One of the authors of the study is Ramanan Laxminarayan of the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP), who was scheduled to be the third speaker in our lecture series on Antibiotic Resistance: Policy Challenges & Solutions; that talk was canceled because of extreme weather. A recent CIDRAP-sponsored webinar by Prof. Laxminarayan, "What Can the United Nations Do about Antimicrobial Resistance," is available for viewing here